Record: oai:ARNO:643653

AuteurBart van Leijden
TitelRancune als iets slechts. De publieke opinie omtrent operatie Black Tulip en de annexatiekwestie
BegeleidersPeter/P.H Van Dam, Bram/A.G.M Mellink
FaculteitFaculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
OpleidingFGw MA - Geschiedenis: Geschiedenis van de Internationale Betrekkingen - 404625
TrefwoordenNederland; Duitsland; Black; Tulip; annexatie
SamenvattingAfter the devestating German occupation of the Netherlands, the Netherlands had to
concider how to cope with the defeated neighbouring country. In this thesis, the Dutch public
debate is being investigated in the two separate themes, more specifically Operation Black
Tulip and the annexation debate. Operation Black Tulip was based on the governmental plan
to remove Germans out of the Netherlands, whereas the annexation debate pertains to the
Netherlands annexation of Germany as a means of paying off the damage created by the
Germans from the war. Sources used to support this thesis were derived from pamphlets and
reports from the five biggest national newspapers. The arguments of the debates are
presented in sixteen categories, which include those for and against each side of the debates.
In the course of four years, both debates had a shift in issues for two different reasons. In the
case of Operation Black Tulip, the debate shifted because of the modifications the Dutch
government made in the expulsion policy. In the case of the annexation debate, the marked
difference was the public consiousness that the whole matter was dependent on how powered
Allied forces, such as the United States as well as the United Kingdom, would treat the Dutch
annexation claims combined with the European unification ideas.
These themes are also used to identify if the conclusions and presumptions of historians such
as Huub Wijfjes and Hans Blom about the Pillarisation (politico-denominational segregation)
of the Dutch society are true. The paper reseach made it possible to do this survey because
Hans Blom claimed, for instance, that the political parties heavily influenced newspaper
journalism. Through this survey, it seemed that such claims needed more nuance because it
is not necessarily reflective of the historic past. Newspapers sometimes changed their stance
regarding the debate, or did their best to inform readers of different sides of the debate.
Issues within the debates were derived from the resentment towards the Germans. However,
it is worth noting that no participant of the debate admits to such resentment. A majority of
participants claim the debate is based on unbiased rational arguements, which offers
explaination to the chosen title of this thesis.
Soort document scriptie master