Record: oai:ARNO:641724

AuteurJ. Eitjes
TitelAn empirical test of the Matthew effect among the elites in a profession
BegeleiderN. Betancourt
FaculteitFaculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde
OpleidingFEB MSc Business Administration
SamenvattingA status effect occurs when the difference in status between two actors within a hierarchy causes them to be rewarded differently for the same output. Empirical studies have demonstrated that a shift in status affects reward outcomes of actors when this effect happens early in their careers and when of moderately high skill in their profession. This paper tests the resilience of this effect comparing outputs of actors in the domain of science at the very top in their profession after one group experiences a major status shifting event - winning the Nobel Prize. I find that even among elites in the relatively objective domain of physics, appraisers do react to status shifts, but the effect size is very weak. The contribution to the literature of status and uncertainty is a robust test of the Matthew Effect among elites of a status ordering using a realistic counterfactual. The findings suggest quality perceptions decouple very little from actual quality in appraisals of actors among the highest ranks of a status ordering in an objective domain.
Soort document scriptie master