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Record: oai:ARNO:641698

AuteurS. van Eijden
TitelThe roles of governments and NGOs in the resolution of conflicts between indigenous communities and MNEs
BegeleidersI. Haxhi, E. Dirksen
Jaar2017
Pagina's53
FaculteitFaculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde
OpleidingFEB MSc Business Administration
SamenvattingMultinational enterprises (MNEs) in the extraction industry and indigenous communities are often entangled in violent and enduring conflicts, resulting from their diverging interests. Although these conflicts can have devastating effects, the current literature only addresses the dynamics of the resolution processes to a limited extent. The role of the government in resolving the conflicts receives fragmented attention, and the interaction between the influence of governments and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) remains unstudied. By building on stakeholder theory, in the current study, I argue that, first, the level of autonomy of an indigenous community affects the resolution of conflicts, and second, the involvement of NGOs moderates this relationship. The active involvement of Latin American states in the International Labour Organisation Convention 169 and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the constitutional changes towards the formation of pluri-national states represent promising developments regarding the autonomy of indigenous communities in Latin America. Therefore, the used sample consists of 221 conflict cases from 21 countries in Latin America. Against my expectations, conflicts between MNEs and autonomous communities tend to be more violent and longer than conflicts that involve communities that enjoy lower levels of autonomy. Furthermore, I do not find any support for the effect of the involvement of NGOs on the severity and the duration of a conflict. Although these findings contradict previous studies, the current study complements existing knowledge in three ways. First, it offers a different angle by showing that the effect of community autonomy is not always unambiguously positive. Second, a stakeholder theory perspective sheds new light on the potential interaction between governments, NGOs, and the other involved actors in the resolution of a conflict. Third, this study advances the understanding of global drivers of conflict resolution by taking a quantitative, rather than a qualitative approach. Finally, this study is of practical relevance, since it brings both governments and managers a step closer to understanding the dynamics of conflict resolution. The negative effects of community autonomy suggest that governments should reconsider the motivations behind the numerous autonomy movements in Latin America. Moreover, the absence of the effect of NGO involvement on the resolution of conflicts helps managers to determine their priorities regarding their efforts to resolve conflicts.
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