Zoekresultaten

Record: oai:ARNO:630673

AuteurF. Rapetti
TitelConflicts between Indigenous groups and MNEs in Africa : the role of EM firms and land grabbing investments
BegeleidersI. Haxhi, E. Dirksen
Jaar2016
Pagina's46
FaculteitFaculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde
OpleidingFEB MSc Business Administration
SamenvattingThe research examines conflicts between multinational firms and indigenous communities in Sub-Saharan Africa. Rising importance of Chinese companies introduces a new factor in the dynamics previously dominated by west-based MNEs. The work argues that firms originated in emerging markets experience a comparative advantage over traditional players when operating in countries with weak institutions, resulting in less violent opposition from native groups. The causal link is the competence in dealing with institutional partners matured domestically. Findings back the overall
trend of this relation, supporting the advantage of EM MNEs but missing to identify its source. The research also investigates biomass exploitation projects. The so-called ‘land grabbing’
is deemed to have explosive effects on local communities, whose lifestyle is threatened by agricultural modernization. The hypothesis advanced is that biomass-caused conflicts cause higher levels of violence compared to traditional projects. Analysis shows that there is no empirical backing for this proposition, demonstrating that the opposite is true. The investigation of the two global trends is performed on 156 conflict cases in Sub-Saharan Africa, between MNEs and indigenous people. The self-constructed database is statistically
analyzed with an Ordinary Least Squares regression. This method aims to achieve a global picture of the phenomena, going beyond the case study approach chosen so far in the literature. The purpose is to identify the determinants of violence and highlight approaches to avert it.
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